CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR NATIONAL-SUBNATIONAL ARTICULATION IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SUSTAINTABLE URBAN TRANSPORT ACTIONS IN LATIN AMERICA. REFLECTIONS AND LEARNINGS FROM THE PRACTICE.
The publication seeks to answer why it is necessary to align policies as well as national and subnational plans in order to implement effective actions for sustainable urban transport. Among some of the reasons, it is shown how greater coordination between levels of government improves the performance of national policies and promotes overcoming of limitations that sub-national governments may present.
THRILLION DOLLAR QUESTION II: TRACKING INVESTMENT NEEDS IN THE TRANSPORT SECTOR.
After the 2014 publication of “Tracking financial flows”, this new analysis closes the equation between Demand and Supply for investment in the transport sector. “Comparing apples with apples”, and this applies to both 2°C and 4°C scenarios. Low-carbon transport investment could save usd 300 billion a year and is within the current financial flows. It is a question of shifting – not increasing – financial flows towards green investment in transport.
STUDY ON GENDER, AGRICULTURE AND CLIMATE CHANGE IN LATIN AMERICA.
The study provides a greater understanding of the knowledge, attitudes, practices and policies of organizations in Latin America regarding the inclusion of a gender perspective in their efforts to address climate change in the agricultural sector. The study was based on a survey completed by over 70 people from 16 countries in the region.
The main objectives of this Reference Document are to introduce firstly, the basic concepts of Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) of GHG mitigation actions in the transport sector, secondly, the data needs for MRV, and thirdly, institutional and process related details for establishing an MRV system.
This paper first identifies three families of tools and metrics used by DFIs to integrate both mitigation and adaptation objectives into investment decision making. Based on this analysis, it then establishes a framework for integrating carbon standards and tools into the upstream strategic and downstream assessment stages of investment decision making. This looks principally on integration into the assessment of direct project finance and investment, but also looks at budget support, programmatic and indirect interventions. Finally, the paper identifies the next steps to build on existing tools and indicators today focusing climate finance tracking to those that foster the alignment of long-term development with the 2°C climate objective.